What Causes Dizziness, Vertigo and Migraines?


It’s normal to occasionally experience mild headaches or dizziness. But sometimes these symptoms become more severe leading to migraines or vertigo.

Dizziness – People often describe dizziness as feeling slightly unbalanced, light headed or like the room is spinning. There are several common causes, such as dehydration, diet, low vitamin B12 or anxiety.

To alleviate these symptoms, drink water or sports beverages to rehydrate, eat heathy foods, take a vitamin B12 supplement and relax and unwind. Dizziness also may be caused by low blood pressure, medications or heart conditions. If symptoms persist, contact your doctor.

Vertigo – Nearly 40 percent of adults age 40 and older will experience vertigo at least one time. Medical experts believe this common condition occurs during a disconnect between the ears and the brain, creating sensations of whirling, loss of balance or spinning.

People may briefly experience vertigo following rapid head movement. Usually symptoms resolve on their own, but if they continue for several hours or are accompanied by ringing in the ears or hearing loss, consult your doctor. Prolonged episodes of vertigo may indicate serious medical problems, such as Ménière’s Disease.

Migraine – More than 20 million Americans get migraines, described as a throbbing or intensely painful headache. And, about 20 percent of the time, there’s a warning before a migraine hits, called an aura. Some people experience blind spots, flashing lights or wavy lines 20 minutes to an hour before a migraine.

Medical experts believe migraines are caused when the nervous system and brain chemicals interact to inflame the brain’s blood vessels. Migraine triggers include hormonal changes, stress, smoking, lack of exercise and processed foods. Treatment options may include medications, physical therapy or lifestyle changes. See your doctor for assistance.